Cuba's proposed constitution cuts religious freedom
The referendum comes amid a growth in Christianity in Cuba, Southern Baptists active there have said, including a reported 43,072 professions of faith among Eastern Cuban Baptists in 2017.
Cuban Communist Party (CCP) officials have gathered religious leaders including Christian pastors in several cities to confirm that religious leaders and their congregations would support the referendum, Christian Solidarity Worldwide (CSW) reported Feb. 15. At a recent meeting held Feb 12 in Santiago, the CCP only wanted to intimidate pastors, a church leader told CSW.
The proposed constitution significantly reduces religious freedom and removes language in the current constitution regarding freedom of conscience, religious liberty advocates have said. Also absent in the proposed constitution is language protecting religious freedom as stated in Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which Cuba signed in 2008.
"Church leaders have exercised their right to share their views on the content of the new constitution, and have publicly stated that they will not tell their members how to vote," said Mervyn Thomas, chief executive of CSW-United Kingdom.
"Religious groups in Cuba, who represent the largest portion of independent civil society in the country, attempted to feed into the public consultation process around the new constitution," Thomas said, "but their concerns were largely ignored, including those regarding weakened language on freedom of religion or belief and freedom of conscience."
Thomas called on the Cuban government to cease its pressure and intimidation tactics, just as the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) urged in December 2018, according to a USCIRF press release.
"We urge the Cuban government to immediately cease all intimidation tactics and to fully consider the proposals put forth by religious organizations," USCIRF Vice Chair Kristina Arriaga said as early as Dec. 11, "to ensure freedom of religion and conscience for Cubans of all faiths or none."
Cuba is already a USCIRF Tier 2 "country of particular concern" for religious liberty violations noted in the USCIRF 2018 Annual Report. The CCP threatened to confiscate church property, repeatedly interrogated and detained religious leaders, prohibited Sunday worship and controlled religious activity, USCIRF noted.
Only 5 percent of Cuba's 11.147 million people are Protestant, according to the U.S. Department of State. As many as 70 percent are Roman Catholic, mixed with traditional African religions including Santeria, the State Department said. A quarter of Cubans are religiously unaffiliated.
Cuba's current constitution has been in effect since 1976.